CANOTIA: An Arizona journal publishing botanical and mycological papers
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ISSN: 1931-3616

Vascular Plants of Arizona (VPA) Project

     Arizona is a floristically rich state with perhaps as many as 3900 species of vascular plants. Over the last 60 years an average of ca. 12 new species records have been reported annually. The first manuals for identifying the plants of the state were Flora of Arizona and New Mexico by Tidestrom & Kittle (1941) and Flowering Plants and Ferns of Arizona by Kearney and Peebles (1942). When the latter, a government publication, was no longer available, the authors revised their book, and the University of California Press republished it under the title of Arizona Flora in 1951. A second edition appeared in 1960 with a supplement provided by J.T. Howell, Elizabeth McClintock, and collaborators. These were followed by A Catalogue of the Flora of Arizona, a checklist of Arizona plants by J. Harry Lehr (1978), and two supplements to the catalogue were later published by Lehr and Pinkava (1980 and 1982).

     Since the latest manual is more than fifty years out-of-date and has no species descriptions, there is an urgent need for a new manual. In 1987, the botanists at the herbarium of Arizona State University and The University of Arizona formed an editorial committee with the intent of producing a new book - Vascular Plants of Arizona. Help was solicited from authorities in various taxonomic groups, and approximately 100 specialists were enrolled to contribute to the project. It soon became clear that obtaining completed manuscripts from all authors would take many years. Thus, in 1992 the Editorial Board began publishing completed treatments in the Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science (JANAS), and seven issues, which included species descriptions, maps, and illustrations, were published in that journal. In 2005, with the initiation of a new Arizona journal, VPA treatments began to be published in Canotia. Several VPA treatments published in JANAS and all of those published in Canotia are available to all online here.



How to Cite Vascular Plants of Arizona Project

     Treatments for the Vascular Plants of Arizona Project can be cited collectively as follows:

VASCULAR PLANTS OF ARIZONA EDITORIAL COMMITTEE. 1992+. Vascular Plants of Arizona. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science and Canotia (all contributions are available at http://www.canotia.org/ vpa_project.html).

or

     Individual treatments of vascular plant families can be cited according to the journal in which they appeared. For example as:

CHIANG, F. and L. R. LANDRUM. 2009. Vascular Plants of Arizona: Solanaceae Part Three: Lycium. Canotia 5(1): 17-26.

HABER, E. 1992. Vascular Plants of Arizona: Monotropaceae; Indian pipe family. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science 26(1): 15-6.



Index to the Families Treated for the Vascular Plants of Arizona

     Those treatments followed by a citation have been published in volumes 26, 27, 29, 30, 32, 33, and 35 of JANAS or in subsequent volumes of Canotia, those that lack citations have not yet been treated, and those that are available online as PDF files are linked here. Figure numbers refer to illustrations for the "Key to Families of Vascular Plants in Arizona" published in JANAS 35(2).



Note: If you are having trouble opening a VPA pdf file, try holding down the 'control' key when you open it as your browser may be blocking the file as a "pop-up".


  • Key to Families of Vascular Plants in Arizona - JANAS 35(2): 88-136.
        2003. (D.J. Keil)
  • Acanthaceae (Fig. 3)
  • Aceraceae - JANAS 29(1): 2-5. 1995. (L.R. Landrum)
  • Adiantaceae - (Fig. 1)
  • Agavaceae Part 1: Agave - JANAS 32(1): 1-21. 1999. (W. Hodgson)
  • Aizoaceae
  • Alismataceae
  • Amaranthaceae - (Fig. 4)
  • Anacardiaceae - Canotia 3(2): 13-22. 2007. (J.L. Anderson)
  • Apiaceae - (Fig. 5)
  • Apocynaceae - JANAS 27(2): 164-168. 1994. (S.P. McLaughlin)
  • Araceae
  • Araliaceae
  • Arecaceae - JANAS 32(1): 22-23. 1999. (C.T. Mason, Jr.)
  • Aristolochiaceae - JANAS 32(1): 24-25. 1999. (C.T. Mason, Jr.)
  • Asclepiadaceae - JANAS 27(2): 169-187. 1994. (E. Sundell)
  • Aspleniaceae
  • Asteraceae - (Figs. 6-7)
  • Azollaceae - Canotia 4(2): 31-34. 2008. (G. Yatskievych and
         M.D. Windham)
  • Berberidaceae - JANAS 26(1): 2-4. 1992. (J.E. LaFerriere; Fig. 9)
  • Betulaceae - JANAS 33(1): 1-8. 2001. (J.W. Brasher)
  • Bignoniaceae - JANAS 32(1): 26-28. 1999. (C.T. Mason, Jr.)
  • Bixaceae - JANAS 27(2): 188-189. 1994. (W. Hodgson)
  • Blechnaceae - Canotia 4(2): 35-37. 2008. (G. Yatskievych and

  •     M.D. Windham; Fig. 1)
  • Boraginaceae - (Fig. 9)
  • Brassicaceae
  • Bromeliaceae - Canotia 3(2): 23-25. 2007. (R. Gutierrez, Jr.)
  • Buddlejaceae - JANAS 26(1): 5-6. 1992. (E.M. Norman)
  • Burseraceae - JANAS 32(1): 29-31. 1999. (A. Salywon)
  • Cactaceae Part One: The Cereoid Cacti - JANAS 29(1): 6-12. 1995.
        (D.J. Pinkava)
  • Cactaceae Part Two: Echinocactus - JANAS 29(1): 13-14. 1995.
        (M. Chamberland)
  • Cactaceae Part Three: Cylindropuntia - JANAS 32(1): 32-47. 1999.
        (D.J. Pinkava)
  • Cactaceae Part Four: Grusonia - JANAS 32(1): 48-52. 1999.
        (D.J. Pinkava)
  • Cactaceae Part Five: Pediocactus and Sclerocactus - JANAS 33(1):
        9-18. 2001. (K.D. Heil and J.M. Porter)
  • Cactaceae Part Six: Opuntia - JANAS 35(2): 137-150. 2003.
        (D.J. Pinkava)
  • Callitrichaceae - JANAS 29(1): 15-16. 1995. (J. Ricketson)
  • Campanulaceae
  • Cannabaceae - JANAS 32(1): 53-54. 1999. (C.T. Mason, Jr.)
  • Capparaceae - (Fig. 8)
  • Caprifoliaceae - (Fig. 10)
  • Celastraceae - JANAS 30(2): 57-60. 1998. (J.W. Brasher)
  • Ceratophyllaceae - JANAS 29(1): 17. 1995. (J. Ricketson)
  • Chenopodiaceae - (Fig. 9)
  • Clusiaceae
  • Commelinaceae - JANAS 33(1): 19-26. 2001. (R. Puente and
        R. Faden)
  • Convolvulaceae - JANAS 30(2): 61-83. 1998. (D.F. Austin)
  • Cornaceae
  • Crassulaceae - JANAS 27(2): 190-194. 1994. (R. Moran)
  • Crossosomataceae - JANAS 26(1): 7-9. 1992. (C. Mason)
  • Cucurbitaceae - (Fig. 10)
  • Cupressaceae - JANAS 27(2): 195-200. 1994. (J. Bartel)
  • Cuscutaceae
  • Cyperaceae - (Fig. 18)
  • Dennstaedtiaceae - Canotia 4(2): 38-40. 2008. (G. Yatskievych and
        M.D. Windham; Fig. 1)
  • Dipsaceae - JANAS 27(2): 201-202. 1994. (J.E. LaFerriere)
  • Dryopteridaceae - (Fig. 1)
  • Elaeagnaceae
  • Elatinaceae
  • Ephedraceae - (Fig. 2)
  • Ericaceae - Canotia 4(2): 21-30. 2008. (J.L. Anderson; Fig. 11)
  • Euphorbiaceae Part One: Acalypha and Cnidoscolus - JANAS 29(1):
        18-24. 1995. (G.A. Levin)
  • Equisetaceae - Canotia 4(2): 41-45. 2008. (G. Yatskievych and
        M.D. Windham)
  • Fabaceae Part One: Errazuria, Marina, Parryella, and Psorothamnus
         - Canotia 7: 1-13. 2011. (S. Rhodes, J. Beasley, and T. Ayers;
        Figs. 12-13)
  • Fagaceae - JANAS 27(2): 203-214. 1994. (L.R. Landrum)
  • Fouquieriaceae - JANAS 32(1): 55-56. 1999. (C.T. Mason, Jr.)
  • Fumariaceae - JANAS 33(1): 27-30. 2001. (S. Holiday and A. Perez)
  • Garryaceae - JANAS 33(1): 31-34. 2001. (R. Puente and T.F. Daniel)
  • Gentianaceae - JANAS 30(2): 84-95. 1998. (C.T. Mason, Jr.)
  • Geraniaceae - (Fig. 14)
  • Grossulariaceae
  • Haloragaceae
  • Hippuridaceae - JANAS 29(1): 25. 1995. (J. Ricketson)
  • Hydrangeaceae
  • Hydrocharitaceae
  • Hydrophyllaceae - (Fig. 14)
  • Iridaceae Part One: Sisyrinchium - JANAS 27(2): 215-218. 1994.
        (A.F. Cholewa and D.M. Henderson)
  • Iridaceae Part Two: Iris and Nemastylis - JANAS 33(1): 35-37. 2001.
        (C.T. Mason, Jr.)
  • Isoetaceae - Canotia 5(1): 27-29. 2009. (G. Yatskievych and
        M.D. Windham)
  • Juglandaceae - JANAS 27(2): 219. 1994. (J.E. LaFerriere)
  • Juncaceae - (Fig. 19)
  • Juncaginaceae
  • Krameriaceae - JANAS 32(1): 57-61. 1999. (B.B. Simpson and
        A. Salywon)
  • Lamiaceae Part One: Agastache, Hyptis, Lamium, Leonurus,
        Marrubium, Monarda, Monardella, Nepeta, Salazaria, Stachys,
        Teucrium, and Trichostema - JANAS 35(2): 151-169. 2003.
        (C.M. Christy, D.Z. Damrel, A. Henry, A. Trauth-Nare, R. Puente-
        Martinez, and G. Walters)
  • Lemnaceae - JANAS 26(1): 10-14. 1992. (E. Landolt)
  • Lennoaceae - JANAS 27(2): 220-221. 1994. (G. Yatskievych)
  • Lentibulariaceae
  • Liliaceae - (Fig. 19)
  • Linaceae
  • Loasaceae - JANAS 30(2): 96-111. 1998. (C.M. Christy)
  • Lythraceae
  • Malpighiaceae
  • Malvaceae Part One: All genera except Sphaeralcea - JANAS 27(2):
        222-236. 1994. (P.A. Fryxell)
  • Marsileaceae - Canotia 5(1): 30-33. 2009. (G. Yatskievych and
        M.D. Windham)
  • Martyniaceae - Canotia 3(2): 26-31. 2007. (R. Gutierrez, Jr.)
  • Meliaceae
  • Menispermaceae - JANAS 27(2): 237. 1994. (J.E. LaFerriere)
  • Menyanthaceae - JANAS 33(1): 38-40. 2001. (C.T. Mason, Jr.)
  • Monotropaceae - JANAS 26(1): 15-16. 1992. (E. Haber)
  • Molluginaceae - JANAS 30(2): 112-114. 1998. (C.M. Christy)
  • Moraceae
  • Najadaceae
  • Nyctaginaceae - (Fig. 14)
  • Nymphaeaceae - JANAS 29(1): 26-28. 1995. (J. Ricketson)
  • Oleaceae - (Fig. 15)
  • Onagraceae - (Fig. 15)
  • Ophioglossaceae
  • Orchidaceae
  • Orobanchaceae
  • Oxalidaceae - JANAS 30(2): 115-119. 1998. (R. Ornduff and
        M. Denton)
  • Papaveraceae - JANAS 30(2): 120-132. 1998. (G.B. Ownbey with
        contributions by J.W. Brasher and C. Clark)
  • Passifloraceae - JANAS 33(1): 41-45. 2001. (J.M. MacDougal)
  • Phytolaccaceae - JANAS 33(1): 46-49. 2001. (V. Steinmann)
  • Pinaceae
  • Plantaginaceae - JANAS 32(1): 62-76. 1999. (K.D. Huisinga and
        T.J. Ayers)
  • Platanaceae - JANAS 27(2): 238. 1994. (J.E. LaFerriere)
  • Plumbaginaceae
  • Poaceae - (Fig. 20)
  • Polemoniaceae - Canotia 1: 1-37. 2005. (D. Wilken and M. Porter)
  • Polygalaceae
  • Polygonaceae - (Fig. 15)
  • Polypodiaceae - Canotia 5(1): 34-38. 2009. (G. Yatskievych and
        M.D. Windham; Fig. 1)
  • Pontederiaceae - JANAS 30(2): 133-136. 1998. (C.N. Horn)
  • Portulacaceae - Canotia 2(1): 1-22. 2006. (A. Bair, M. Howe, D. Roth,
        R. Taylor, T. Ayers, and R.W. Kiger)
  • Potamogetonaceae
  • Primulaceae - JANAS 26(1): 17-21. 1992. (A.F. Cholewa; Fig. 16)
  • Psilotaceae - Canotia 3(2): 32-34. 2007. (R. Gutierrez, Jr.)
  • Pyrolaceae - JANAS 26(1): 22-28. 1992. (E. Haber)
  • Rafflesiaceae - JANAS 27(2): 239. 1994. (G. Yatskievych)
  • Ranunculaceae - (Fig.15)
  • Resedaceae
  • Rhamnaceae - Canotia 2(1): 23-46. 2006. (K. Christie, M. Currie,
        L. Smith Davis, M-E. Hill, S. Neal, and T. Ayers)
  • Rosaceae Part One: Rubus - JANAS 33(1): 50-57. 2001. (J.W. Brasher)
  • Rubiaceae JANAS 29(1): 29-38. 1995. (L. Dempster and E.T. Terrell;
        Fig. 16)
  • Ruppiaceae
  • Rutaceae
  • Salicaceae Part One: Populus - JANAS 26(1): 29-33. 1992.
        (J.E. Eckenwalder)
  • Salicaceae Part Two: Salix - JANAS 29(1): 39-62. 1995. (G.W. Argus)
  • Salviniaceae - Canotia 4(2): 46-49. 2008. (G. Yatskievych and
        M.D. Windham)
  • Santalaceae - JANAS 27(2): 240. 1994. (J.E. LaFerriere)
  • Sapindaceae - JANAS 32(1): 76-78. 1999. (A. Salywon)
  • Sapotaceae - JANAS 26(1): 34-35. 1992. (L.R. Landrum)
  • Saururaceae - JANAS 32(1): 83-84. 1999. (C.T. Mason, Jr.)
  • Saxifragaceae - JANAS 26(1): 36-41. 1992. (P. Elvander; Fig. 16)
  • Scrophulariaceae - (Fig. 17)
  • Selaginellaceae - Canotia 5(1): 39-48. 2009. (G. Yatskievych and
        M.D. Windham)
  • Simaroubaceae - JANAS 32(1): 85-87. 1999. (J.W. Brasher)
  • Simmondsiaceae JANAS 29(1): 63-64. 1995. (J. Rebman)
  • Solanaceae Part One: Datura - JANAS 33(1): 58-64. 2001. (R. Bye)
  • Solanaceae Part Two: Key to the genera and Solanum -
        Canotia 5(1): 1-16. 2009. (S.T. Bates, F. Farruggia, E. Gilbert,
        R. Gutierrez, D. Jenke, E. Makings, E. Manton, D. Newton,
        and L.R. Landrum )
  • Solanaceae Part Three: Lycium - Canotia 5(1): 17-26. 2009. (F. Chiang
        and L.R. Landrum )
  • Sparganiaceae - JANAS 33(1): 65-68. 2001. (J. Ricketson)
  • Sterculiaceae
  • Tamaricaceae
  • Thelypteridaceae - Canotia 5(1): 49-52. 2009. (G. Yatskievych and
        M.D. Windham)
  • Tiliaceae
  • Typhaceae - JANAS 33(1): 69-72. 2001. (J. Ricketson)
  • Ulmaceae - JANAS 35(2): 170-176. 2003. (J.W. Brasher)
  • Urticaceae - JANAS 26(1): 42-49. 1992. (D. Boufford)
  • Valerianaceae
  • Verbenaceae
  • Violaceae - JANAS 33(1): 73-82. 2001. (R.J. Little; Fig. 17)
  • Viscaceae - JANAS 27(2): 241-245. 1994. (F.G. Hawksworth and
        D. Wiens)
  • Vitaceae
  • Zannichelliaceae
  • Zygophyllaceae - (Fig. 17)


  •   


    Volume 1 (2005)

    Volume 2 (2006)

    Volume 3 (2007)

    Volume 4 (2008)

    Volume 5 (2009)

    Volume 6 (2010)

    Volume 7 (2011)

    Volume 8 (2012)

    Volume 9 (2013)

    Volume 10 (2014)

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